Electrotherapy is a form of medical treatment, which uses small electrical impulses to repair tissue, stimulate muscle and increase sensations and muscle strength. Here is a snapshot of some electrotherapy used in the clinic.
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
This can be used for strength and endurance and also for stimulating atrophied muscles. It works by sending electrical pulses to the muscles needing treatment, it directly stimulates motor neurons causing the muscles to contract as if the brain had sent the signal.
Trancutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
TENS machines are great for reducing pain in both acute and chronic issues, as well as decreasing local swelling and releasing the body's natural pain killers - endorphins. These machines are small enough to clip onto your clothing so you can carry on with your daily life, whether that is walking the dog, sat at your desk or out and about.
Interferential Therapy (ITF)
This form of electrotherapy is a deeper form of electrical stimulation. ITF uses two different carrier frequencies to interfere with each other. This therapy is very relaxing and useful for very painful areas.
Ultrasound produces mechanical vibration via sound waves. It is applied using the head of an ultrasound probe placed in direct contact with your skin via a transmission coupling gel.
Therapeutic ultrasound may increase:
local blood flow
scar tissue breakdown